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Journal Articles


  • Samuel Spaulding, Jocelyn Shen, Hae Won Park and Cynthia Breazeal. Lifelong Personalization via Gaussian Process Modeling for Long-Term HRI. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 07 June 2021 [online][PDF]


  • H. Chen, H.W. Park and C. Breazeal, Teaching and learning with children: Impact of reciprocal peer learning with a social robot on children’s learning and emotive engagement. Computers & Education (2020), doi [online][PDF]


  • Breazeal, C. L., Ostrowski, A. K., Singh, N., & Park, H. W. (2019). Designing social robots for older adults. Natl. Acad. Eng. Bridge49, 22-31. [online][PDF]
  • Ostrowski, A. K., DiPaola, D., Partridge, E., Park, H. W., & Breazeal, C. (2019). Older adults living with social robots: promoting social connectedness in long-term communities. IEEE Robotics & Automation Magazine26(2), 59-70. [online][PDF]
  • Kory-Westlund, J. M., & Breazeal, C. (2019). Exploring the effects of a social robot’s speech entrainment and backstory on young children’s emotion, rapport, relationships, and learning. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 6. [online][PDF]
  • Kory-Westlund, J. M., & Breazeal, C. (2019). A Long-Term Study of Young Children’s Rapport, Social Emulation, and Language Learning With a Peer-Like Robot Playmate in Preschool. Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 6. [online] [PDF]
  • Logan, Deirdre E., Cynthia Breazeal, Matthew S. Goodwin, Sooyeon Jeong, Brianna O’Connell, Duncan Smith-Freedman, James Heathers, and Peter Weinstock. “Social robots for hospitalized children.” Pediatrics 144, no. 1 (2019): e20181511. [online]


  • Kory-Westlund, J., Jeong, S., Park, H. W., Ronfard, S., Adhikari, A., Harris, P. L., DeSteno, D., & Breazeal, C. (2017). Flat versus expressive storytelling: young children’s learning and retention of a social robot’s narrative. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 11. [online] [PRE PRINT PDF]
  • Kory-Westlund, J. M., Dickens, L., Jeong, S., Harris, P. H., DeSteno, D., & Breazeal, C. L. (2017). Children use non-verbal cues to learn new words from robots as well as people. International Journal of Child-Computer Interaction. [PRE PRINT PDF]


  • Breazeal, C., Harris, P., DeSteno, D., Kory, J., Dickens, L., & Jeong, S. (2016). Young children treat robots as informants. Topics in Cognitive Science, 1-11. [PDF]


  • J. Gray, C. Breazeal. (2014) Manipulating Mental States Through Physical Action – A Self-as-Simulator Approach to Choosing Physical Actions Based on Mental State Outcomes. I. J. Social Robotics vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 315-327 [PDF]
  • K. Williams, C. Breazeal (2013), Reducing Driver Task Load and Promoting Sociability through an Affective Intelligent Driving Agent (AIDA). INTERACT, vol. 4, pp. 619-626 [PDF]
  • J.J. Lee, W.B. Knox, J.B. Wormwood, C. Breazeal, & D. DeSteno (2013). Computationally Modeling Interpersonal Trust. Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 4, no. 893, pp. 1-14. [PDF]
  • C. Breazeal, N. DePalma, J. Orkin, S. Chernova, & M. Jung (2013). Crowdsourcing Human-Robot Interaction: New Methods and System Evaluation in a Public Environment. Journal of Human-Robot Interaction, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 82-111. [PDF]
  • D. Desteno, C. Breazeal, R. H. Frank, D. Pizarro, J. Baumann, L. Dickens, & J.J. Lee (2012). Detecting the Trustworthiness of Novel Partners in Economic Exchange. Psychological Science, vol. 23, no. 12, pp. 1549– 1556. [PDF]


  • J. Shah & C. Breazeal (2010). An Empirical Analysis of Team Coordination Behaviors and Action Planning with Application to Human-Robot Teaming. Human Factors, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 234-245. [PDF]
  • G. Hoffman & C. Breazeal (2010). Effects of Anticipatory Perceptual Simulation on Practiced Human-robot Tasks. Autonomous Robots, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 403-423. [PDF]


  • C. Breazeal (2009). The Role of Expression in Robots that Learn from People. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society , vol. 364, no. 1535, pp. 3527-3538. [PDF]
  • J.K. Lee, W.D. Stiehl, R.L. Toscano, & C. Breazeal (2009). Semi-Autonomous Robot Avatar as a Medium for Family Communication and Education. Advanced Robotics, vol. 23, no. 14, pp. 1925-1949.
  • C. Breazeal, J. Gray, & M. Berlin (2009). An Embodied Cognition Approach to Mindreading Skills for Socially Intelligent Robots. International Journal of Robotics Research, vol. 28, no. 5, pp.656-680. [PDF]


  • C. Breazeal & A. Thomaz (2008). Experiments in Socially Guided Exploration: Lessons Learned in Building Robots that Learn with and without Human Teachers. Connection Science, vol. 20, no. 2-3, pp.91-100. [PDF]
  • A.L. Thomaz & C. Breazeal (2008). Teachable Robots: Understanding Human Teaching Behavior to Build more Effective Robot Learners. Artificial Intelligence (AIJ), vol. 172, no. 6-7, pp. 716-737. [PDF]


  • G. Hoffman & C. Breazeal (2007). Cost-Based Anticipatory Action Selection for Human-Robot Fluency. IEEE Transactions in Robotics, vol. 23, no. 5, pp. 952-961. [PDF]
  • J. Lieberman & C. Breazeal (2007). TIKL: Development of a Wearable Vibrotactile Feedback Suit for Improved Human Motor Learning. IEEE Transactions in Robotics, vol. 23, no.5, pp.919-926. [PDF]
  • L. Barsalou, C. Breazeal & L. Smith (2007). Cognition as Coordinated Non-Cognition. Cognitive Processing, vol. 8, no.2, pp.79-91. [PDF]
  • L. Smith & C. Breazeal (2007). The Dynamic Life of Developmental Process. Developmental Science, vol. 10, no. 1, pp.61-68. [PDF]

2005 – 2006

  • C. Breazeal (2006). Sociable Robots. Journal of the Robotics Society of Japan, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 591-593.
  • S. Coradeschi, H. Ishiguro, M. Asada, S. Shapiro, M. Theilscher, C. Breazeal, M. Mataric & H. Ishida (2006). Human-Inspired Robots. IEEE Intelligent Systems, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 74-85. [PDF]
  • C. Breazeal, M. Berlin, A. Brooks, J. Gray, & A. L. Thomaz (2006). Using Perspective Taking to Learn from Ambiguous Demonstrations. Robotics and Autonomous Systems (RAS) Special Issue on The Social Mechanisms of Robot Programming by Demonstration, vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 385-393. [PDF]
  • C. Breazeal, D. Buchsbaum, J. Gray, D. Gatenby & B. Blumberg (2005). Learning from and About Others: Towards Using Imitation to Bootstrap the Social Understanding of Others by Robots, Artificial Life, vol. 11, no. 1-2, pp.1-32. [PDF]


  • R. Picard, S. Papert, W. Bender, B. Blumberg, C. Breazeal, D. Cavallo, T. Machover, M. Resnick, D. Roy & C. Strohecker (2004). Affective Learning ― A Manifesto. BT Technology Journal, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 253-269. [PDF]
  • A. Brooks, J. Gray, G. Hoffman, A. Lockerd, H. Lee & C. Breazeal (2004). Robot’s Play: Interactive Games with Sociable Machines. ACM Computers in Entertainment, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 1-18. [PDF]
  • C. Breazeal, A. Brooks, J. Gray, G. Hoffman, C. Kidd, H. Lee, J. Lieberman, A. Lockerd & D. Chilongo (2004). Tutelage and Collaboration for Humanoid Robots. International Journal of Humanoid Robots, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 315-348. [PDF]


  • C. Breazeal (2003). Social Interactions in HRI: The Robot View. IEEE Transactions in Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part C, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 181-186. [PDF]
  • C. Breazeal (2003). Function Meets Style: Insights from Emotion Theory Applied to HRI. IEEE Transactions in Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part C, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 187-194. [PDF]
  • C. Breazeal (2003). Regulation and Entrainment for Human-robot Interaction. International Journal of Experimental Robotics, vol. 21, no. 10-11, pp. 883-902. [PDF]
  • C. Breazeal (2003). Emotion and Sociable Humanoid Robots. International Journal of Human Computer Interaction, vol. 59, pp. 119-155. [PDF]
  • C. Breazeal (2003). Towards Sociable Robots. Robotics and Autonomous Systems, vol. 42, no. 3-4, pp. 167-175. [PDF]
  • C. Breazeal, A. Brooks, J. Gray, M. Hancher, J. McBean, W.D. Stiehl & J. Strickon (2003). Interactive Robot Theatre. Communications of the ACM, vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 76-85. [PDF]
  • C. Breazeal (2003). Emotive Qualities in Lip Synchronized Robot Speech. Advanced Robotics, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 97-113. [PDF]

2000 – 2002

  • C. Breazeal & L. Aryananda (2002). Recognizing Affective Intent in Robot Directed Speech. Autonomous Robots, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 83-104.
  • C. Breazeal & B. Scassellati (2002). Robots that Imitate Humans. Trends in Cognitive Science, vol. 6, no. 11, pp. 481-487. [PDF]
  • C. Breazeal, A. Edsinger, P. Fitzpatrick & B. Scassellati (2001). Active Vision Systems for Sociable Robots. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part A, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 443-453. [PDF]
  • C. Breazeal & B. Scassellati (2000). Infant-like Social Interactions between a Robot and a Human Caregiver. Adaptive Behavior, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 47-72. [PDF]
  • C. Breazeal, A. Edsinger, P. Fitzpatrick, & B. Scassellati (2000). Social Constraints on Animate Vision. IEEE Intelligent Systems: Special Issue on Humanoid Robotics, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 32-37. [PDF]